Solid Waste & Recycling


Solid waste worker fatalities up in 2018

Silver Spring, MD – At least 59 solid waste industry workers died on the job in 2018 in the United States and Canada, according to the Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA), an increase of 19 fatalities from the previous year. Fifty-seven of these fatalities took place in the United States, and 71 percent of them occurred during waste or recycling collection.

In reviewing data collected from a variety of sources, SWANA found that “struck by” incidents were the most common cause of fatality overall, followed by collisions and roll-over incidents. These represented nearly 50 per cent of all worker deaths. About 10 pe rcent of victims were on the riding step when the fatality occurred.

The cause of deaths at landfills, MRFs and transfer stations were more diverse than in collection, though being struck by heavy machinery or lockout/tagout (LO/TO) failures were common.

“The industry’s safety record in 2018 was not acceptable, with at least 19 more worker fatalities than in 2017,” noted David Biderman, SWANA’s executive director and CEO.

“Most of last year’s increase involved collection workers, despite the industry’s success in getting states to pass Slow Down to Get Around laws and efforts by SWANA and others to improve safety on the route, as well as at post-collection facilities.”

“SWANA calls on local governments, private companies, and others to devote more resources to safety and protecting the lives of those who work in the industry,” Biderman added.

Fatalities among members of the public increased slightly in 2018 from 95 to 101 deaths. These incidents involved the solid waste industry in some fashion, most frequently via a traffic collision with a collection vehicle. About three quarter of the victims were drivers or passengers at the time, and about 14 percent were on a motorcycle or bicycle. Pedestrian deaths represented another 11 per cent of all fatalities involving a member of the public.

View Interactive Map here.

Including both workers and members of the public, January had the most fatalities in 2018, with 19 for the month, followed by March with 18. In only two months were more solid waste workers killed than members of the public, September and November.

“The 2018 data are of concern to our Safety Ambassadors throughout the United States and Canada,” said Matt Morales, Arizona SWANA Chapter safety ambassador and Cinder Lake Landfill project manager.

“While it is difficult to learn of the increased fatalities, it strengthens our dedication to turning the industry around. It’s obvious that we need to increase our effectiveness on this matter. We need more ‘real-time’ data on trending accidents and incidents in our states, regions, and provinces.”

Morales added: “to increase awareness and accountability, SWANA Safety Ambassadors are tasked with bringing safety training events to our drivers. SWANA chapters are holding Hauler Safety Outreach events in their states and provinces. These events provide the chance for us to reach out to both private haulers and municipal collection operators. Importantly, it helps them know that we care about them. Finally, the event is unique because each attendee is given the opportunity to take the SWANA Safety Pledge. For operators, the pledge is a demonstration that SWANA stands behind their efforts to be safe out on the road.”

SWANA provides a variety of safety resources to its members throughout the United States and Canada. These include its award-winning chapter-based Safety Ambassador program, new Slow Down to Get Around stickers, frequent safety training events, and Hauler Safety Outreach at disposal sites. More information about SWANA’s safety program is at