Solid Waste & Recycling


Waste Initiatives Across Canada (October 01, 2007)

The Interim Tire Stewardship Board has developed a new tire stewardship program and will be handing over management of the program to Tire Stewardship Manitoba (TSM). TSM is a joint venture of the Rub...

The Interim Tire Stewardship Board has developed a new tire stewardship program and will be handing over management of the program to Tire Stewardship Manitoba (TSM). TSM is a joint venture of the Rubber Association of Canada, the Retail Council of Canada, the Western Canada Tire Dealers Association and the Manitoba Motor Dealers Association.

Under the existing tire stewardship program, approximately 90 per cent of passenger tires are recovered. TSM has committed to increase the recovery rate to 1.8 million passenger tire equivalents in the first year of operation of the program. In order to achieve this objective, fees imposed on new passenger tires purchases will increase, and fees will apply to certain categories of tires that were previously exempt such as off-road tires. TSM has indicated that it intends to improve upon tire diversion by increasing recovery from 93 per cent in year one of operation to 97 per cent in year three of operation.

Under the existing program, funding came only from the $2.80 per tire levy on passenger and light truck tires. This levy is the lowest levy in Canada and has resulted in the program being significantly under-funded. TSM intends to operate at arms-length from the Manitoba government and will be self-funding, allowing it to unilaterally set fees. At this point, the intended levy for passenger, light truck, motorcycle, small industrial and free-rolling farm tires will be $4, and will be $9 for medium truck tires. Small off-road, drive farm and large industrial tires will have a levy set at $35, and large off-road tires will have a levy of $75. TSM has indicated that it intends to maintain these fees for the first five years of the program.

The existing program involves paying a subsidy to tire processors only, and is intended to defray hauling and processing costs. Under the new system, a separate subsidy would be paid directly to haulers. TSM believes this will be more cost effective since it can base the subsidy on actual transportation costs. The subsidy to processors will depend on the end-uses, such that more beneficial end-uses will receive a higher subsidy. Tire-derived fuel is also included as an end-use. (See “Blog” article, page 62.)

Quebec limits biosolids spreading

The Government of Quebec is proposing changes that will limit the spreading of certain municipal biosolids. The Agricultural Operations Regulation is being amended to prohibit the spreading of compost containing all or any part of mammal or fowl carcasses, as well as municipal sludge or treatment wastewater sludge. The ban will apply to spreading on pasture land and land where crops are being grown for human consumption.

Fertilizing materials subject to the ban may be spread on crops or pasture land if the materials are compliant with certification standards that govern fertilizer safety. Compost derived from household food waste or other sources, and sewer sludge from wastewater treatment plants of slaughter-houses, rendering plants or other meat processing plants would be exempt from the prohibition.

The amendments are intended to narrow the current prohibition on the spreading of fertilizer materials containing carcasses of ruminants, and the spreading in certain places of fertilizer materials containing other types of animal carcasses.

Ontario mandates landfill methane capture

Ontario is proposing to mandate the installation of systems to capture methane for landfills with capacity greater than 1.5 million cubic metres. The proposed amendments to the Landfilling Sites Regulation under the Environmental Protection Act will require that new or expanding landfills with such capacity include plans for the design of gas controls.

Operating landfills that meet the specified capacity must submit plans for the design and operation of gas controls to the director of the Ministry of the Environment by January 1, 2009. Once the director approves the gas controls, the applicable certificate of approval for the landfill would be amended to reflect these controls.

The proposed amendments also contemplate that operating landfills that have gas controls in place would be required to submit a report demonstrating that the existing controls are adequate. Where such controls are not adequate, the operating landfill would be required to submit plans to improve the controls.

IKEA Canada plastic bag reduction

As previously reported, Ontario is targeting the reduction of plastic bags, an initiative supported by the Canadian Plastics Industry Association (CPIA). The objective is to reduce the number of plastic bags distributed in Ontario by 50 per cent over the next five years.

It appears that some corporations are now themselves setting aggressive targets with respect to reduction of plastic bag consumption. Specifically, IKEA Canada announced a commitment to reduce plastic bag consumption at company stores by 50 per cent over the next year. On this basis, the current consumption of 25 million plastic bags will be reduced to 12.5 million. IKEA conducted a similar program in both the United Kingdom and the United States.

IKEA intends to begin charging five cents for plastic bags, with proceeds being donated to IKEA Canada’s long-term environmental partner, Tree Canada. Tree Canada has indicated it will use the funds to plant trees throughout Canada to assist in offsetting carbon dioxide emissions.

Rosalind Cooper, LL.B. is a partner with Fasken Martineau DuMoulin LLP, with offices across Canada. Ms. Cooper is based in Toronto, Ontario. Contact Rosalind at

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