Electric vehicles get a lot of ink as sustainable transport for people. And automakers are spending piles of money on their development, trying to overcome issues of range and cold weather performance.
What’s less in the mainstream are fleet applications for EVs. But this is where they have the potential to shine. In waste management, the predictability and routine of urban residential collection routes make this a great potential use for electric vehicles. EVs are quieter, generate low emissions, require less maintenance and can be charged while off shift, making them likely winners in the cost-efficiency calculation.
Here’s an overview of three recently introduced electric options.
The Mack LR BEV.
Mack Trucks’s new battery-electric truck will be making its debut with the New York City Department of Sanitation in 2020.
“Built on our decades of experience in powertrain innovation, the electric LR delivers a powerful yet quiet, zero-emission solution designed to tackle one of the most demanding applications in one of the largest cities in the world,” said Jonathan Randall, Mack Trucks senior vice-president, North American sales and marketing.
The Mack LR BEV is powered by Mack’s integrated electric powertrain consisting of two 130-kW motors producing a combined 496 HP and 4,051 lb.-ft. of torque available from zero RPM. Power is sent through a two-speed Mack Powershift transmission and put to the ground by Mack’s proprietary S522R 52,000-lb. rear axles. All of the LR BEV’s accessories, including the hydraulic systems for the Heil DuraPack 5000 body, are electrically driven through 12V, 24V and 600V circuits.
Lion Electric and Boivin Evolution’s (BEV) fully electric Class 8 truck.
Lion Electric and BEV
Quebec-based Lion Electric and Boivin Evolution (BEV) unveiled their fully electric Class 8 truck in June. They claim the truck is the first in the world to combine an electric powertrain and electric automated collection hopper.
The truck has a range of 400 km or a full day of operation (1,200 homes) on a single charge. Overnight charging when electricity rates are lower helps it deliver savings of up to 80 percent on total energy costs.
It also delivers 60 percent lower service costs, and has longer lasting brakes thanks to regenerative braking. All hopper and arm movements are powered by the battery that drives electric motors for each function.
The unit can be self-sufficient with its own battery pack, and no need of power from the chassis. It can also be integrated on a LION8 chassis to optimize the battery pack size and energy consumption, for a full working day (1,000 carts). A full recharge takes four to eight hours.
Class 8R automated side-loader (ASL) all-electric truck.
Amrep has partnered with commercial electric vehicle manufacturer, BYD (Build Your Dreams) to develop and deliver the waste industry’s first-ever commercially sold all-electric refuse trucks in residential refuse operation. A Class 8R automated side-loader (ASL) all-electric truck will be used by Waste Resources, Inc. to serve the City of Carson, California. Seattle, Washington is set to receive the first rear-loading electric refuse truck.
The truck was designed to meet hauler and regulatory demands for more environmentally friendly equipment. With a body built by Amrep and a cab and chassis by BYD, it uses a propriety electric propulsion system designed specifically for refuse service and Amrep’s patented integrated automatic arm, which optimizes weight distribution and allows for high payloads.