Nova Scotia paint
The Nova Scotia Department of Environment and Labour has proposed amendments to its Solid Waste-Resource Management Regulations to address paint stewardship. In the past, unused paint was burned or buried in landfills and resulted in toxic emissions. The new regulations would ban paint from provincial landfills and an industry stewardship program developed by the Resource Recovery Fund Board would facilitate recovery and reuse.
The proposed amendments would apply to all latex, oil and solvent-based paints, but would not apply to special industrial, automotive or marine coatings. All distributors would be required to register and enter into the stewardship agreement. A retailer would only be able to sell paint supplied by a registered distributor. The board would act as an administrator on behalf of the distributors, and would negotiate with processors. Enviro-depots would be used to collect waste paint.
Quebec to cut waste
Quebec has completed the first year of its plan to cut waste by 65 per cent by 2008. The plan supports community-based projects focused on reuse, recycling and marketing of what would otherwise be considered waste. Funds in the amount of $17-million have been allocated, with $5-million dispersed over the first fiscal year and $3-million dispersed annually over the next four years. Forty per cent of the projects have dealt with the recovery and reuse of textiles and clothing, and thirty-six per cent have dealt with paper and cardboard recovery. The government estimates that more than 700 jobs were created or preserved due to investment.
Proper disposal in PEI
Prince Edward Island’s Waste Resource Management Regulations were brought into force in early January. The regulations require the proper disposal of solid waste, waste incinerator fly ash, compostable material, recyclables and construction and demolition debris at facilities that are approved by the Minister of Fisheries, Aquaculture and Environment. The facilities must also comply with various reporting requirements as outlined in the regulations. There are certain exceptions provided, for example, for small construction and demolition disposal sites, backyard composting and farm composting.
Ontario’s Blue Box
Ontario will introduce legislation to ensure that industries contribute financially to Blue Box programs. The proposed legislation arises from a recommendation made by the Ontario Waste Diversion Organization. The legislation is intended to create a permanent waste diversion organization, and to establish a cost-sharing agreement between municipalities and industry. Consultations will determine the types of packaging to be included, to address household special wastes and the diversion of organics, and to establish small quantity exemptions.
Also in Ontario, fines were recently imposed on several companies for the illegal storage of tires. Two companies were fined a total of $110,000 for illegally storing 30,000 tires at a property near London between June 9, 1999 and July 10, 1999. The companies were fined $50,000 each for failing to comply with a ministry order to remove the tires, and $5,000 each for establishing and operating a waste disposal site without a certificate of approval. The two companies did not own the property, and had agreed with the owner of that property that less than 5,000 tires would be stored there. The owner was left with the tires and $40,000 in cleanup costs.
The Alberta government’s 2000 Code of Practice for Responsible Livestock Development and Manure Management, which replaces the 1995 Code of Practice for the Safe Handling of Animal Manures, is intended to assess new and expanding livestock operations. Over the last few years, public awareness of manure management has increased. The new code considers matters such as minimum distance separation of livestock operations from neighbouring properties, manure use and storage, feedlots, runoff control and location and management of seasonal feeding sites.
The code also recommends the investigation of soil at facilities where manure or manure runoff will be stored, and that the bottom elevation of a manure storage facility be constructed at least one metre above the seasonal high water table. The code provides that a minimum of nine months’ storage volume be available to store and wash spillage produced by intensive livestock operations, and that a professional engineer must verify that the storage facility is designed and constructed in accordance with standards.
Finally, the code specifies requirements for landowners that apply manure. Records of land application must be maintained, including the date the manure was applied, the volume or weight applied to each field, the size of the field, soil sampling results prior to application and an estimate of the nutrient content.