Solid Waste & Recycling


News (August 01, 2002)

Our editor to speak at compost conferenceSW&R Editor-in-Chief Guy Crittenden will be a speaker at The Composting Council of Canada's 12th Annual Composting Conference, Exhibits and General Meeting on ...

Our editor to speak at compost conference

SW&R Editor-in-Chief Guy Crittenden will be a speaker at The Composting Council of Canada’s 12th Annual Composting Conference, Exhibits and General Meeting on September 18-20, 2002 in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Mr. Crittenden will make a presentation at the “Make Magic Happen … Compost!” session on September 19, from 8.30-10 a.m. The focus of his presentation will be the highlights of a dynamic and comprehensive industry research report (including results of a readership survey) that was recently completed with the help of consultants at Environics International. (See cover story, page 6 and for more conference details, see page 33.)

Contact Susan Antler at 416-535-0240

Ontario passes WDO

On June 27, 2002, Waste Diversion Ontario (WDO) became a permanent, non-government corporation when the Waste Diversion Act (Bill 90) received Royal Assent. WDO is a partnership made up of industry, municipal, non-governmental representatives and the Ontario Ministry of Environment and Energy to develop, implement and fund waste diversion programs. Its first task is to develop a sustainable funding plan for Ontario’s municipal Blue Box program by establishing an industry funding organization to set and collect fees from affected industry. The fees will pay municipalities 50 per cent of their Blue Box program net costs. The group will also develop, implement and fund waste diversion programs for scrap tires, used oil, household special wastes (e.g., paints and solvents), organics such as kitchen waste, pharmaceuticals, electronics, batteries and fluorescent lighting tubes. For more information on the members of the WDO board and the funding structure, see (Also see “Ontario Legislates Diversion” in the August/September 2001 edition and “Closing Ontario’s EPR Loophole” in the October/November 2001 edition.)

Contact John Steele at 416-314-6666

LCBO deposit-return legislation

In late June, MPP Mike Colle, Ontario Liberal Critic for the Greater Toronto Area, introduced a bill to require the Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO) to institute a deposit-return recycling program for the bottles and cans that it sells. The LCBO Deposit and Return Act would require the LCBO to set up and administer the deposit-return program by July 1, 2003. According to Mr. Colle it’s time for the LCBO to take responsibility for the costs to collect and recycle the massive amount of glass containers and to correct the double standard that exists in Ontario, where beer retailers shoulder the cost of a deposit return system but liquor retailers don’t. Since the collapse of the coloured glass recycling market much of that material ends up in landfill.

Contact Arthur Lofsky at 416-325-8707

Waxman case decision

On June 27, 2002, a Superior Court of Ontario judge rendered her decision in Waxman vs. Waxman — one of Canada’s longest running civil lawsuits involving Canada’s most prominent recycling family business. In 1988, when Morris Waxman sued his brother Chester Waxman, he initiated 15 years of litigation. The judge ruled that Chester duped his older brother Morris out of his share in their father’s empire, getting him to sign share sale documents just before open-heart surgery. In her 440-page ruling Madame Justice Mary Anne Sanderson reinstates Morris Waxman as co-owner of the Hamilton, Ontario-based I. Waxman & Sons Ltd. The scrap company, which was started by their father in the 1940s, is expected to take in $50-million in revenues this year. The ruling also orders Chester and his family to turn over $40-million to Morris. The trial provided insight into the early days of Hamilton-based Philip Services Corp., at one time North America’s largest scrap company. Philip sued Chester’s son Robert for $150-million, a lawsuit that is still before the courts. (See Editorial, page 4 and cover story “Family Scrap” in the October/November 2001 edition.)

Hawaii bottle bill

On June 25, 2002, Hawaii Governor Benjamin Cayetano made history when he signed the United States’ 11th bottle bill into law. Deposit laws requiring refundable deposits on beverage containers (or bottle bills) have been proposed in nearly every U.S. state, but no new container deposit law has been enacted since 1986. The Hawaii bottle bill will impose a nickel deposit on all beverage cans and bottles except milk beginning in 2005. A report released in January by Businesses and Environmentalists Allied for Recycling (BEAR) found that the 10 states are recycling more cans and bottles than the 40 non-bottle bill states combined. (See for a link to more information and “Hawaii Five-0” in the June/July 2002 edition.)

Tires in Newfoundland and Alberta

Newfoundland and Labrador’s tire take-back program has experienced a roadblock with the withdrawal of Argentia-based Municipal Recyclers, the sole source-recycling contractor for the program. The government has set up 50 temporary depots across the province to stockpile tires from public and retail locations. (The new law requires retail take-back). Meanwhile the law requiring businesses to remit $3 per tire sold remains even though no recycling service is currently provided. Newfoundland Minister of Environment Kevin Aylward says the government will work with the Multi-Materials Stewardship Board (MMSB) to re-evaluate the requirements for temporary storage and transportation of used tires. New proposals must clearly outline the plan for storage and transportation of used tires.

Contact Cynthia Layden-Barron at 709-729-2575

Alberta Transportation and the Tire Recycling Management Association of Alberta (TRMA) in partnership with the cities of Edmonton and Calgary and Strathcona County are testing recycled rubber tire crumb in asphalt in various locations across the province. The Alberta Roadbuilders and Heavy Construction Association and Husky Oil are also involved in the project. The rubber asphalt was applied from June 27 to July 4, 2002 at the various pilot sites. Recycled tire crumb has been used as an additive to asphalt pavement in a number of countries over the past ten years. Proponents say that these pavements have a longer life than traditional asphalt and require less repair work due to greater resistance to cracking and rutting. The Arizona Department of Transportation, which has been successful with this unique asphalt mixture on its highways, will provide technical expertise on the pilot project. The University of Alberta and EBA Engineering will also monitor the performance of the rubber asphalt over the next two years.

Contact Allan Kwan at 780-427-8990

U.S. aluminum recycling rate drops

According to a recently released report, last year more aluminum cans were littered, landfilled or incinerated than were recycled. “Trashed Cans: The Global Environmental Impacts of Aluminum Can Wasting in America” was prepared by the Container Recycling Institute (CRI). CRI data also shows that the rate has been in a state of decline for ten years, after peaking at 65 percent in 1992. Using data from industry, the U.S. Department of Commerce, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, CRI found that the recycling rate for aluminum beverage cans dropped below 50 per cent in 2001 for the first time in 16 years. According to Pat Franklin, executive director of CRI, the 50.7 billion aluminum cans wasted last year squandered energy value equivalent to 16 million barrels of crude oil, or enough energy to supply 2.7 million American homes with electricity for a year. On April 26, the Aluminum Association reported the aluminum-can recycling rate of 55.4 per cent for 2001 — a ra
te CRI
says is not accurate for a variety of reasons.

Contact Pat Franklin at 703-276-9800

Toronto waste services strike

After a 16-day municipal strike — the longest in Canadian history — the Ontario government passed back-to-work legislation on July 11, 2002 for City of Toronto waste services workers and others. The Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) Local 416 — which represents about 7,000 “outside” waste collectors, park maintenance staff, and street cleaners — applied to the Ontario Labour Ministry for a “no board report” to signify an impasse in contract negotiations. The city offered the union a pact that included a nine per cent wage increase over three years but the union said that the deal didn’t provide security for employees with less than 17 years of service. The city continues its examination of whether to privatize residential waste management. According to Angelous Bacopoulos, Toronto’s general manager of solid waste management, the initial results of a comparison between private and public services (which began last winter) should be available in the fall.

Waste management is the most heavily privatized of all municipal services in Canada. According to recent data, private contractors conduct about 75 per cent of services. Toronto generates about 920,000 tonnes of waste every year.

(See “Journey of a Thousand Miles,” page 23 and further coverage in the October/November edition.)

Contact Access Toronto at 416-338-0338

Nutrient management

Bill 81, the Nutrient Management Act, moved closer to becoming law as it cleared the committee hearing stage in the Ontario Legislature on May 13, 2002. A key component of the province’s Clean Water Strategy, the proposed Act would enhance the protection of Ontario’s groundwater by minimizing the effects of agricultural practices on the environment. The bill uses the recommendations of the Walkerton Inquiry Report by Commissioner Dennis O’Connor and other research to develop best practices and regulations.

(Also see item, Page 5.)

Green Dot packaging program

A new web site — — was recently launched to feature background information on the sustainable packaging system, Green Dot, licensing of it and use as a registered trademark in Canada. Last year, CSR: Corporations Supporting Recycling and PRO EUROPE, the umbrella organization of Green Dot in Europe, concluded a license agreement for the use of the Green Dot trademark in Canada, the first North American licensee of the system. The trademark cannot currently be used as a symbol to denote financial support to a recycling program, but CSR will protect the trademark in Canada by charging a licensing fee. The fee for one year (2002) is CDN $1,000 plus $70 GST. The fee is based on cost recovery to administer licensing and use.

Contact Barbara McConnell at 416-594-3456 or


On June 5-7, 2002, the Municipal Waste Integration Network (MWIN) Annual General Meeting & Conference at the Waterfront Holiday Inn in Peterborough, Ontario. This conference is a must attend for everyone working in municipal waste management as well as politicians seeking information to make informed waste management related decisions for their municipalities. Session topics included: money management tips for cash-strapped municipalities; preparing, awarding and administering contracts; landfill compliance, management and closure; FCM solid waste policies study; emerging technologies for managing waste residuals; and more. Attendees also participated in waste management facilities site tours, a trade show and the “Hack ‘N Chat” golf tournament, BBQ and banquet.

Contact Maryanne Hill at 519-620-9654 or

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