Solid Waste & Recycling


New BSE rules affect Canadian waste facilities

According to a notice sent to members of the Ontario Waste Management Association (OWMA), beginning July 12, 2007, ...

According to a notice sent to members of the Ontario Waste Management Association (OWMA), beginning July 12, 2007, enhanced animal health safeguards come into effect to help eliminate bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease, from Canada. Certain cattle tissues capable of transmitting BSE, known as specified risk material (SRM), are banned from all animal feeds, pet foods and fertilizers. There are also requirements for anyone disposing of cattle remains.

A CFIA permit is required to accept and dispose of:

deadstock cattle containing SRM;

meat and bone meal (MBM) made from deadstock cattle or SRM; and

compost made from deadstock cattle or SRM.

SRM are defined as: the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of cattle aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of cattle of all ages.

Any waste management facility choosing to accept SRM in any form must first apply to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for a permit. There are specific construction and operating requirements for facilities handling this material. Disposal must either destroy or permanently contain SRM. Proposed disposal procedures must be assessed by the CFIA to present, at most, only a very low risk of potential BSE transmission.

Permits will only be issued after a CFIA inspector has determined that all requirements have been met.

A CFIA permit is also required to transport any SRM, including cattle carcasses containing SRM. A visible stripe must be applied down carcasses’ backs, and all SRM must be stained. Waste management facilities must not accept cattle deadstock or SRM in any form from anyone not possessing a CFIA permit.

For more information contact the CFIA at 1-800-442-2342 and visit the OWMA website (Members Only section) for more details at

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