The City of Vancouver has committed to reducing fleet emissions to 30% below 2007 levels by 2020, reducing fleet emissions to 50% below 2007 level by 2030, and transitioning to 100% renewable energy usage by 2050.
In 2018, we shifted to 100% renewable diesel fuel provided by Suncor. This is a major step towards using 100% renewable fuels in our fleet as 55% of our fleet is fuelled by diesel.
With the new shift in fuel providers, the diesel will go from 5% biodiesel content (B5) to 100% renewable diesel (R100) and be 100% renewable.
Renewable diesel is similar to biodiesel but has some significant differences. Both biodiesel and renewable diesel can be produced from waste organic feedstock such as waste fats and used vegetable oils. However, renewable diesel refines the organic feedstock into an end product that is certified to the same standard as petroleum diesel, allowing renewable diesel to be used in blends of up to 100% without any issues.
Compressed natural gas (CNG)
8% of our fuel use is CNG. We have a dedicated natural gas compression station that allows for City vehicles (including 33 refuse trucks) to be operated on 100% CNG.
Electrifying the fleet
We currently have over 100 electric vehicles in our fleet. Some highlights include:
50 Engineering and Parks passenger vehicles including Mitsubishi iMievs, Ford Focus Electrics, and Nissan Leafs
25 Vancouver Police Department (VPD) non-emergency passenger vehicles outfitted with emergency lights and sirens
32 heavy duty vehicles and equipment including Zambonis, utility vehicles, and forklifts
2 VPD motorcycles, used to promote cyclist and pedestrian safety
Our plan is to reach over 200 electric vehicles by 2021, including:
Medium and heavy duty trucks including refuse trucks, tractor trailers, and delivery vans
Long range passenger vehicles
Hybrid and plug-in hybrid vehicles
We currently have over 50 hybrid or plug-in hybrid vehicles in our fleet. Some highlights include:
44 Engineering, Vancouver Fire and Rescue Services, and VPD passenger vehicles including Toyota Prius Cs, Ford Fusions, and Ford C-Max Energis
6 Parks heavy duty aerial trucks with plug-in battery-hydraulic sytems
2 Engineering medium duty refuse trucks
1 Engineering bulldozer, used for moving waste and building roads at the Vancouver Landfill
Utilizing the fleet
Efficient driving practices
We have implemented a program to reduce vehicle idling and wasteful fuel use. The centerpiece of this program is over 1,000 City vehicles with GPS and telematics systems.
From these GPS and telematics systems, we’re able to gain insight into route optimization, idling, and other fuel reduction strategies.
Additional actions being taken include:
Driver training and staff education on fuel efficient driving practices
Idle management systems in VPD patrol vehicles and Engineering and Parks trucks
Vehicles with dedicated cab heaters to allow staff to keep warm without idling
We have a contract with the Co-operative Auto Network to maintain a pool of vehicles near City Hall. During the day, the shared vehicles are available to City staff, reducing the cost of the City owning and maintaining fleet vehicles. During off hours, most of the cars are available to the public, boosting the growth of this green alternative to car ownership.
The Equipment Services Branch now recycles 150 tonnes of scrap metal a year, recycles oil and vehicle batteries, and has dedicated multi-stream garbage systems to allow for in-depth waste diversion.
Our fleet is managed centrally. This allows us to:
Right size all new vehicles ensuring they are of the minimum size and power necessary
Minimize the number of idle vehicles by evaluating the best mode of ownership (rent, lease, or own)
Many services are done in-house, including outfitting, maintenance repair, and fabrication. This not only saves money up front, it reduces the time that vehicles are out of service.