An end-of-life vehicle (ELV) recycling demonstration project has proved that recovering thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) from ELV bumpers is feasible.
Launched in 2015 in the U.S., the ELV Project was designed to study the viability of collecting and recycling plastic car parts, including car bumpers, to eventually be broken down and used as materials to make new products. The results of the final two phases of the project were recently released by the Plastics Industry Association (PLASTICS).
“Finding innovative ways to recycle and reuse plastics has a direct impact on the amount of plastic that ends up in landfills,” said PLASTICS interim president and CEO Patty Long. “By developing lasting, sustainable end markets for these materials, even those extracted from scrap cars and trucks, PLASTICS is giving scrap materials a new life through recycling.”
Over the course of the three phases of research for the ELV Project, four plastic bales, from four different sources, were processed by three plastics recyclers across the U.S. Each bale sample met the range of quality that would make it eligible for use in a wide range of applications. From these findings, PLASTICS was able to create a directory of automotive recyclers who specialize in using ELV materials.
Following phases II and III, PLASTICS will share case studies from the ELV Project. There is a vested interest from brand owners in using recycled ELV bumpers in their manufacturing and design process.
“The results from the ELV Project indicate that there is technology and a market to recycle plastic from vehicles,” said PLASTICS’ vice-president of industry affairs Kendra Martin.
“The properties of the material were very close to what we would see from a recycler – we saw a lot of promise in the material and we think if the collection and the stream can be scaled up, then there will be a lot of use for it in the market,” said Meagan Marko, product line manager for Noble Polymers, LLC, one of the member organizations involved in the ELV Project.